Basic Cross Stitch Instructions
Start by bringing your needle up from behind the material through hole 1, (see fig. 1) leaving about 4 cms of thread trailing behind. Push the needle down through hole 2 to the back of the material.
Start the next stitch by bringing the needle back up through hole 3, (see fig. 2) trapping the trailing thread as you do. Insert the needle through hole 4 to complete the cross stitch.

Bring the needle back up through hole 3 (see fig. 3) and down through hole 5 to make the next cross stitch. Continue trapping any trailing thread as you go.
To finish off, take the thread through to the back of the material, thread through the back of several stitches and cut off the excess.

If you are doing a line of stitches in one colour, it can be easier and neater to do all the left to right diagonals (see fig. 4), (holes 1 to 2) and then return along the line doing the all the right to left diagonals (holes 3 to 4).
Note : Ensure that all the top stitches are in the same direction i.e. right to left ( holes 3 to 4) and the tension is not too tight.

cross stitch          cross stitch          cross stitch          cross stitch
Bring your needle up through hole 1 and back down through hole 2 (see fig. 5).
Next, bring the needle up through hole 3 and down through hole 1. Continue these backward loops as indicated on your pattern.

Three quarter and quarter (Fractional) stitches
Three quarter stitches are used to create more defined angled lines on a pattern. For three quarter stitches, the main diagonal (in either direction) is done first (see fig. 6). The second diagonal is done from the appropriate hole to the centre only, and a hole is made in the material under the first diagonal.
If a single cross stitch is to be done in two colour, a three quarter stitch is done first in the dominant colour then a quarter stitch in the second colour is done from the remaining hole to the centre hole under the main diagonal.

Fractional stitches
French Knots
1. Bring your needle to the front of the fabric.
2. Take the needle in your right hand with your second and third fingers on the top of the needle and your thumb underneath, holding the needle firmly.
3. Take the thread in your left hand, with thumb and first finger, about 2″ from the fabric where the thread emerges.
4. Place the needle against the “north” side of the thread about 1/4″ from the place it comes out of the fabric.
5. Wrap the thread away from you, three times around the needle, keeping it firm with the left hand.
6. Keep thread taut, pulling toward you and simultaneously lowering the point of the needle into the fabric next to , but not in, the hole where it came out of the fabric.
7. Push the needle into the fabric. Keep the thread firmly against the fabric while you reach under and grab the needle from the other side. Twist the needle counter-clockwise as it progresses to keep the character of the knot intact.
8. Pull all the way through, releasing the thread from the left hand as the knot is completed. This will make a perfect French Knot.

french knot